Education in Russia /
System of education in brief /
Russian Educational System today /
State policy in regard to education
State policy in regard to education is based on the following principles:
the humanistic nature of education, the priority of human values, of human life and health, the free development of individuals; the fostering of civic duties, industry, and respect for human rights; care for the environment, and a sense of responsibility in regard to society and family;
the unity of the national cultural and educational dimensions; protection and development, by the educational system, of both national cultures and regional cultural traditions in the Russian Federation as a multinational State;
the availability of education for everybody, the adaptability of the educational system to the levels of development and training of students;
the secular nature of education in the State and municipal educational establishments;
freedom and pluralism in education;
democracy and a combination of State and public components in educational administration;
the autonomy of educational establishments.
The State guarantees its citizens the possibility to acquire formal education within its territory irrespective of race, nationality, language, sex, age, health, wealth, social and official status, social origin, place of residence, religion, loyalty, party affiliation, and previous convictions.
The citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to free primary education, basic and secondary general education, and to vocational education; and on a competitive basis, to free non-university and university level higher educational and to postgraduate education in State and municipal educational establishments (one course programme at each level).
The State creates special conditions for disabled citizens enabling them to receive education, to correct the abnormalities of their development, and to become socially adapted. The State also renders assistance in providing education to persons who demonstrate outstanding abilities, including special State grants as well as fellowships for study abroad.
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