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Home / Library / Analytics / Educational systems in other countries /

Czech Republic



Czech Republic

Structure of Educational System
Admissions to Higher Education and Recognition of Foreign Credentials
Student Life
International Cooperation and Exchanges

INSTITUTION TYPES & CREDENTIALS
Types of higher education institutions:
Univerzita (University)
Vysoke Uceni Technicke (Technical University)
Technicka Univerzita (Technical University)
Akademie (Academy)
Vysoka skola (Higher School)

School leaving and higher education credentials:
Maturitni Vysvedceni
Bakalar umeni
Bakalar
Inzenyr
Inzenyr architekt
Magistr
Magistr umeni
Teaching Qualification
Doktor Mediciny
Doktor Veterinarni Mediciny
Doktor Farmacie
Doktor Filozofie
Doktor Prav
Doktor Prirodnich Ved
Licentiat Teologie
Doktor
Doktor teologie
Kandidat Ved
Doktor Ved

STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM
Pre-higher education:
Duration of compulsory education:
Age of entry: 6
Age of exit: 15
Structure of school system:
Basic
Type of school providing this education: Basic School (2 stages: 1-5, 6-9)
Length of program in years: 9
Age level from: 6 to: 15
Certificate/diploma awarded: Vysvedceni
General Secondary
Type of school providing this education: General School (Gymnasium) (admission after 5th year of basic school)
Length of program in years: 8
Age level from: 11 to: 19
Certificate/diploma awarded: Maturitni Vysvedceni
General Secondary
Type of school providing this education: General school (Gymnasium) (admission after 7th year of basic school)
Length of program in years: 6
Age level from: 13 to: 19
Certificate/diploma awarded: Maturitni Vysvedceni
Academic Secondary
Type of school providing this education: Grammar School (Gymnasium)
Length of program in years: 4
Age level from: 15 to: 19
Certificate/diploma awarded: Maturitni Vysvedceni
Technical Secondary
Type of school providing this education: Secondary Technical School (Technical, Health Care, Management, Arts, etc)
Length of program in years: 4
Age level from: 15 to: 19
Certificate/diploma awarded: Maturitni Vysvedceni
Vocational Secondary
Type of school providing this education: Secondary Vocational School
Length of program in years: 4
Age level from: 15 to: 19
Certificate/diploma awarded: Maturitni Vysvedceni
Vocational Secondary
Type of school providing this education: Secondary school
Length of program in years: 3
Age level from: 15 to: 18
Certificate/diploma awarded: Vocational Certificate
Professional
Type of school providing this education: Higher Professional School
Length of program in years: 3
Age level from: 19 to: 21
Certificate/diploma awarded: Absolutorium
School education:
Primary education lasts for nine years divided into two stages of five and four years respectively. It leads to a Vysvedceni. Secondary education comprises three main types of schools: secondary general schools (gymnasium), secondary technical schools and secondary vocational schools. Gymnasiums prepare for study at higher education institutions and for professions. The secondary technical schools and 4-year courses or three years follow up courses at secondary vocational schools prepare students for a wide range of professions as well as for studies at higher education institutions. All these studies culminate in the passing of  Maturitni zkouska/Maturita. As for the 2-year and 3-year courses at the vocational schools, they prepare students for professional activities.
Higher education:
Higher education is provided by university type and non-university type institutions. The non-university higher education institutions mainly offer Bachelor study programmes. Higher education institutions of university type offer Bachelor, Master and Doctoral study programmes. Higher education institutions offer courses in the Humanities, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Engineering, Medicine and Pharmacy, Theology, as well as in Economics, Veterinary Medicine, and Agriculture, Teacher Training and Arts. The majority of higher education institutions are public institutions. There are also 14 private higher education institutions. Public institutions are financed by the state budget by  the  Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. The private higher education institutions could be partially financed by the State. In addition, the Czech higher education system includes 4 state higher education institutions. There are three military higher education institutions and a Police Academy. These institutions are financed by the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of the Interior. All higher education institutions provide accredited study programmes which are assessed by the Accreditation Commission. Important partners of the Ministry of education in all decisions concerning higher education are the Czech Rectors' Conference and the Council of Higher Education Institutions.
Main laws/decrees governing higher education:
Decree: Higher Education Institutions Act no. 111/1998 Year: 1998
Concerns: all higher education institutions
Academic year:
Classes from: Sep to: Aug
Long vacation from: 15 Jun to: 1 Sep
Languages of instruction: Czech, English, German
Stages of studies:

University level studies:
University level first stage: Bachelor studies (Bakalar):
The Bachelor study programmes usually take three to four years, covering all main disciplines, except in Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacy, Architecture and Law. It is conceived either as an independent course whose graduates are fully qualified for particular professions, or as the first stage of longer studies whose graduates can continue towards the Magistr degree. This cycle leads to the academic degree of Bakalar (Bc.) or Bakalar umeni (BcA) in the field of Arts which was introduced in January 1999. Students must sit for a final state examination, part of which is also the defence of the Bachelor thesis.
University level second stage: Master studies (Magistr):
The Master study programmes in the Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Pharmacy, Theology, Law and Art last for five years and lead to the title of Magistr (Mgr). In Economics, Agriculture and Chemistry, studies last for five years and lead to the academic degree of Inzenyr (Ing). In Engineering, studies last between five and five-and-a-half years and also lead to the degree of Inzenyr (Ing). In Architecture, Veterinary Medicine and Medicine, studies last for six years. Graduates in Medicine obtain the degree of Doktor mediciny (MUDr) and of Doktor Veterinarni Medicini (MVDr) in Veterinary Medicine.  According to the 1998 Act, graduates of Master programmes in Architecture are awarded the title of Inzenyr Architekt and graduates in the Arts the academic degree of Magistr Umeni (MgA). The new Act enables holders of the title of Magistr to sit for a State Rigorosum examination in the same field and defend a dissertation to acquire the academic degree of Doktor followed by the name of the field (Doktor prav (JUDr), Doktor Filosofie (PhDr), Doktor Pridonich Ved (RNDr), Doktor Farmacie (PharDr), Doktor Teologie (ThDr) or Licenciat Teologie (ThLic).
University level third stage: Doctoral studies:
The third and highest level of higher education consists in studies for the Doctorate which take place under the guidance of a tutor. The programme is aimed at scientific research and independent study. Holders of the Master's Degree may apply. Studies last for three years (four to five years part-time) and lead to the academic degree of Doktor (PhD) or Doktor Teologie (ThD) in the field of Theology. Studies end with the State Doctorate examination and the defence of a dissertation. At some higher education institutions and institutes of the Academy of Sciences, studies leading to the award of the Kandidat Ved (Candidate of Science, abbreviated as "CSc") still exist. Participants in these programmes may complete their education and finish the defence of their dissertation by 31 December 2001. The degree "Doktor Ved" (Doctor of Science) is the highest scientific degree. It is awarded on the basis of original research work and the public defence of the Doctorate thesis.

Teacher education:
Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers
Teachers of basic schools are trained at Faculties of Education. Teachers of the first stage of primary school follow a four-year course, those for the second stage follow a five-year course combining two subjects. Those specialized in Music Education are usually graduates of four-year or six-year conservatories.
Training of secondary school teachers
Teachers for secondary general schools and secondary technical schools are trained at Faculties of Education, Arts, Philosophy, Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Physics,  Physical Education and Sports as well as at technical, economic and agricultural Faculties. They obtain their qualifications through Master's degree courses.
Training of higher education teachers
Teachers at higher education institutions must hold an academic degree awarded after having successfully completed the Magistr study programme, and usually hold the degree of Kandidat ved or Doktor. Academic staff members may be appointed to the following ranks: profesor (professor), docent (associate professor) odborny asistent (senior assistant), asistent (assistant) and lektor (lecturer). Docent (associate professor) in a specific field is appointed by the Rector on the basis of habilitation procedure. A professor in a specific field is appointed by the President of the Czech Republic according to the procedure for the appointment of a professor.

Non-traditional studies:
Distance higher education
Four distance education centres in Prague, Liberec, Brno and Olomouc have been established. Some non-governmental educational institutions, such as J.A. Comenius and the Open University Fund also offer distance education. The National Centre for Distance Education was established in 1995 as a department of the Centre for Higher Education Studies.
Lifelong higher education
Several institutions, centres or institutes of lifelong learning have been established which offer a whole range of educational activities to upgrade qualifications, for requalification and special interest activities. In the sphere of adult education, a number of higher education institutions cooperate with foreign universities in various fields, and more especially in Management and Languages. There are also Universities of the Third Age which have been created in sixteen faculties.

NATIONAL BODIES
Administration & co-ordination:
Responsible authorities:
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Ministerstvo skolstvi, mladeze a telovychovy)
Head: Eduard Zeman, Minister
Administrative officer: Vladimir Sevela, Secretary
International relations: Pavel Cink
Ul. Karmelitska 7
118 12 Praha
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 5719-3350
Fax: +420(2) 3114-172
EMail: zeman@msmt.cz
WWW: http://www.msmt.cz

Role of governing body: Responsible for the administration and the financing of higher education institutions

Council of Higher Education Institutions (Rada vysokych skol)
Head: Frantisek Jezek, Director
Jose Martiho 31
162 52 Praha 6 - Veleslavin
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 2056-0221
Fax: +420(2) 2017-2149
EMail: arvs@ftvs.cuni.cz
WWW: http://www.ftvs.cuni.cz

Czech Rectors' Conference (Ceska konference rektoru)
Head: Ivan Wilhelm, President
Administrative officer: Marie Fojtikova, Secretary-General
Masaryk University
Nam. Zerotinovo 9
60177 Brno
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(5) 4212-8270
Fax: +420(5) 4212-8300
EMail: crc.secretary@muni.cz

Role of governing body: Represents the universities in their dealings with the Ministry

Accreditation Commission, Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Akreditacni komise, MSMT)
Head: Vins Vaclav, Chancellor
Ul. Karmelitska 7
118 12 Praha 1
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 5719-3524
Fax: +420(2) 5719-3790
EMail: vins@msmt.cz
WWW: http://www.msmt.cz

ADMISSIONS TO HIGHER EDUCATION
Admission to university-level studies
Name of secondary school credential required: Maturitni Vysvedceni
For entry to: all higher education institutions
Numerus clausus/restrictions: In case there is insufficient capacity at some faculties
Other admission requirements: In higher education institutions specialized in Arts study, including Architecture,  and in faculties of Education and Sport, and in the field of Stomatology, part of the entrance examination is called "talentova zkouska" (talent examination). The entrance examination or interview may be required in all higher education institutions
Foreign students admission
Definition of foreign student: A foreign student is a person enrolled at a Czech institution of higher education who is not a permanent resident of the Czech Republic.
Quotas: None
Admission requirements: The Secondary-School-Leaving Certificate must either originate from a state with which the Czech Republic has agreements on the equivalence of diplomas for university entrance or be validated by the Regional School Authorities (skolske urady).
Entry regulations: Entry regulations are governed by Act no.326 of 30 November 1999 on Residence of Aliens in the Territory of the Czech Republic and Amendments. The text of this Act and applications for permission to reside in the Czech Republic can be found at http://www.mvcr.cz/inf_turi/english/index.html.
Health requirements: Health certificate required
Language requirements: Foreign students who do not have adequate knowledge of the Czech language can follow a basic one-year course. Information is available at http://www.cuni.cz/cuni/ujop. Some faculties teach several courses in English or German
Application procedures:
Apply to individual institution for entry to: All types of institutions and programmes.
Application closing dates:
For university level studies: 28 Feb
For advanced/doctoral studies: 28 Feb
Recognition of studies & qualifications:
Studies pursued in home country (System of recognition/accreditation): Study programmes of public higher education institutions are subject to accreditation. Accreditation is awarded by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. The Ministry decides on the base of the Accreditation Commission statement.
Studies pursued in foreign countries (bodies dealing with recognition of foreign credentials):
Centre for Equivalence of Documents about Education (Centrum pro studium vysokeho skolstvi-Stredisko pro ekvivalenci dokladu o studiu)
Head: Stepanka Skuhrova, Director
Centre for Higher Education Studies
118 00 Praha 1
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 5753-0500
Fax: +420(2) 5753-1672
EMail: skuhrova@csvs.cz
WWW: http://www.csvs.cz

Deals with credential recognition for entry to: University and Profession
Services provided & students dealt with: Provision of information, advisory services for decision-makers, evaluation of diplomas at the request of decision-makers.

Special provisions for recognition:
For access to university level studies: The relevant regional school authority (skolsky urad) is competent to confirm the equivalence of secondary-school-leaving certificates obtained abroad with "maturitni vysvedceni" if the bilateral agreement between the Czech Republic and countries of the origin of the documents exist and to establish the nostrification of the documents if there are no agreements.
For access to advanced studies and research: Recognition of higher education diplomas obtained abroad is the responsibility of public higher education institutions which have similar or equal study programmes. In some special cases, recognition is provided by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.
Multilateral agreements concerning recognition of foreign studies
Name of agreement: Additional protocol to the European convention on the equivalence of diplomas leading to admission to universities N°49
Year of signature: 1991
Name of agreement: Convention on mutual recognition on equivalence of certificates, diplomas and degrees
Year of signature: 1975
Name of agreement: Convention on the recognition of qualifications concerning higher education in the European region (Lisbon Convention)
Year of signature: 1997
Name of agreement: Convention on the recognition of studies, diplomas and degrees concerning higher education in the states belonging to the Europe region
Year of signature: 1993
Name of agreement: European convention on the academic recognition of university qualifications N°32
Year of signature: 1991
Name of agreement: European convention on the equivalence of diplomas leading to admission to universities N°15
Year of signature: 1991
Name of agreement: European convention on the equivalence of periods of university studies N°21
Year of signature: 1992
Name of agreement: The European agreement on the association of the Czech Republic with the European Community
Year of signature: 1993
Bilateral agreements concerning recognition of foreign credentials
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and Afghanistan Democratic Republic on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1981
Country/state involved: Afghanistan
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and Bulgaria on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1982
Country/state involved: Bulgaria
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and Hungary on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1989
Country/state involved: Hungary
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and Mongolia on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1988
Country/state involved: Mongolia
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and Poland on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1987
Country/state involved: Poland
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and Romania on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1972
Country/state involved: Romania
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and the USSR on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1973
Country/state involved: Russian Federation
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and the USSR on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1973
Country/state involved: Belarus
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the CSFR and Yugoslavia on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1991
Country/state involved: Yugoslavia
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the Czech Republic and Iraq on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1989
Country/state involved: Iraq
Name of agreement: Agreement between the governments of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic on the mutual recognition of documents on education and degrees
Year of signature: 1992
Country/state involved: Slovak Republic
References to further information on foreign student admissions and recognition of studies
Title: Higher Education in the Czech Republic
Publisher: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
Year of publication: 1998
Title: Higher Education in the Czech Republic. Guide for Foreign Students
Publisher: Centre for Higher Education Studies, Praha
Year of publication: 1999

STUDENT LIFE
Main student services at national level
Academic Information Agency (Akademicka informacni agentura)
Senovazne namesti 26
111 21 Praha 1
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 2422-9698
Fax: +420(2) 2422-9697
EMail: aia@dzs.cz
WWW: http://www.dzs.cz/aia/aiainfo.htm

Category of services provided: Academic and career counselling services
Services available to foreign Students: No

House of International Services of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Dum zahranicnich sluzeb MSMT)
Senovazne namesti 26
111 21 Praha 1
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 2439-8325
Fax: +420(2) 2422-9697
EMail: svoboda@dzs.cz
WWW: http://www.dzs.cz

Category of services provided: Special services/Centre for foreign students
Services available to foreign Students: Yes

National student associations and unions
Student Chamber of Council of Higher Education Institutions
Jose Martiho 31
162 52 Praha 6 - Veleslavin
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 2017-2148
Fax: +420(2) 3162-703
EMail: arvs@ftvs.cuni.cz
WWW: http://www.ftvs.cuni.cz

Health/social provisions
Social security for home students: Yes
Social security for foreign students: Yes
Cost/fee (per year): 300 (US Dollar)
Special student travel fares:
By road: Yes
By rail: Yes
Available to foreign students: Yes
Student expenses and financial aid
Student costs:
Average living costs: 5000 (US Dollar)
Foreign students tuition fees: Minimum: 3000 (US Dollar)
Maximum: 10000 (US Dollar)
Type of financial aid available:
Scholarships/grants/fellowships:
First Degree studies:
Home: Yes
Foreign: Yes
Advanced/doctoral studies:
Home: Yes
Foreign: Yes
Bodies providing information on student financial aid:
House of International Services of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Dum zahranicnich sluzeb MSMT)
Senovazne namesti 26
111 21 Praha 1
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 2422-9699
Fax: +420(2) 2422-9697
EMail: cvancarova@dzs.cz
WWW: http://www.dzs.cz

Deals with: Grants
Category of students: Foreign students studying on the basis of cultural bilateral agreements.
Publications on student services and financial aid:
Title: Study Abroad 2000-2001
Publisher: UNESCO/IBE
Year of publication: 1999

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION & EXCHANGES
Principal national bodies responsible for dealing with international cooperation and exchanges in higher education:
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Ministersvo skolstvi, mladeze a telovychovy CR)
International relations: Pavel Cink, Director
Karmelitska 8
118 12 Praha 5
Czech Republic
Tel: +420(2) 5719-3700
Fax: +420(2) 5719-3790
EMail: cink@msmt.cz
WWW: http://www.msmt.cz

Participation of country in multilateral or bilateral higher education programmes
Name of exchange programme: AKTION
Name of exchange programme: CEEPUS
Name of exchange programme: JEAN MONNET
Name of exchange programme: LEONARDO DA VINCI
Name of exchange programme: SOCRATES II
Name of exchange programme: TEMPUS
Name of exchange programme: YOUTH

GRADING SYSTEM
Usual grading system in secondary school
Full Description: 1-vyborne (excellent); 2-velmi dobre (very good); 3-dobre (good); 4-vyhovel (pass); 5-nevyhovel (unsatisfactory/fail).
Highest on scale: 1-vyborne
Pass/fail level: 1,2,3,4/5
Lowest on scale: 5-nevyhovel
Main grading system used by higher education institutions
Full Description: 1-vyborne (excellent); 2-velmi dobre (very good); 3-dobre (good); 4-nevyhovel (unsatisfactory/fail).
Highest on scale: 1-vyborne
Pass/fail level: 1,2,3/4
Lowest on scale: 4-nevyhovel
Other main grading systems
Theses: with honours; pass; fail.

NOTES ON HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM
If students already hold a degree from a foreign university and wish to continue their studies in the Czech Republic, it is up to the institution to which they have applied to decide upon the equivalence of their qualifications.

Data for academic year: 2001-2002
Source: Centre for Higher Education Studies, Prague, 2001



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