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Home / Library / Analytics / Educational systems in other countries /

Kazakhstan



Kazakhstan

Structure of Educational System
Pre-higher Education System
Higher Education System
Administrative structure of higher education
Admissions to Higher Education and Recognition

INSTITUTION TYPES & CREDENTIALS
Types of higher education institutions:
University
Institute
Academy
Conservatoire

School leaving and higher education credentials:
Atestat o Srednem Obrazovanii
Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii
Bachelor
Diploma of Specialist
Kandidat Nauk
Master
Doctorate (PhD)
Doktor Nauk

STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM
Pre-higher education:
Duration of compulsory education:
Age of entry: 6
Age of exit: 15
Structure of school system:
Pre-Primary
Type of school providing this education: Kindergarten
Length of program in years: 1
Age level from: 5 to: 6
Primary
Type of school providing this education: Primary School
Length of program in years: 4
Age level from: 6 to: 10
Basic
Type of school providing this education: General School, Secondary School, Gymnasium
Length of program in years: 5
Age level from: 10 to: 15
General Secondary
Type of school providing this education: Secondary School, Lyceum, Gymnasium
Length of program in years: 2
Age level from: 15 to: 17
Certificate/diploma awarded: Atestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (Certificate of Complete Secondary Education)
Vocational
Type of school providing this education: Professional Lyceum, Vocational School
Length of program in years: 2
Age level from: 15 to: 17
Certificate/diploma awarded: Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii
Professional
Type of school providing this education: Professional College, Vocational School
Length of program in years: 4
Age level from: 15 to: 19
Certificate/diploma awarded: Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii
School education:
Primary education lasts for four years preceded by one year pf pre-school education. Secondary education consists in three main educational phases: primary education (forms 1-4), basic general education (forms 5-9) and senior level education (forms 10-11 or 12) divided into continued general education and professional education. These three levels of education can be followed in one institution or in different ones (e.g. primary school, then secondary school). Recently, several secondary schools, specialized schools, magnet schools, gymnasiums, lyceums, linguistic and technical gymnasiums, have been founded. Secondary professional education is offered in special professional or technical schools, lyceums or colleges and vocational schools.
Higher education:
At present, there are universities, academies, and institutes, conservatoires, higher schools and higher colleges. There are three main levels: basic higher education that provides the fundamentals of the chosen field of study and leads to the award of the Bachelor degree; specialized higher education after which students are awarded the Specialist's Diploma; and scientific-pedagogical higher education which leads to the Master's Degree. Postgraduate education leads to the Kandidat Nauk (Candidate of Sciences) and the Doctor of Sciences.  With the adoption of the Laws on Education and on Higher Education, a private sector has been established and several  private institutions have been licensed.
Main laws/decrees governing higher education:
Decree: Law on Higher Education Year: 1993
Concerns: Public and private higher education institutions
Decree: Law on Higher Education Year: 1996
Concerns: State institutions
Academic year:
Classes from: Sep to: Jun
Languages of instruction: Kazakh, Russian, English, German, French, Chinese, Arabic
Stages of studies:

University level studies:
University level first stage: Diploma of Specialist, Bachelor:
A Diploma of  Specialist  or Diploma of Specialized Higher Education in a particular field of study is generally awarded at the end of a five-year course (former system). Bachelor's Degrees are now also conferred after four years' studies.
University level second stage: Aspirantura, Master's:
Full-time postgraduate studies (Aspirantura) leading to the qualification of Candidate of Sciences (Kandidat Nauk) normally last for three years. The submission of a thesis is required. Master's Degrees are also conferred after a further two years' study beyond the Bachelor's Degree.
University level third stage: PhD, Doctorate (Doktoratura):
In the new system, a PhD is conferred after two to three years' further study beyond the Master's Degree. The Doctor of Sciences (Doktor Nauk) is awarded after the Kandidat Nauk after completion of a thesis based on original research.

Teacher education:
Training of secondary school teachers
Secondary school teachers are trained at universities. They follow a five-year course leading to a Specialist's Diploma.

Non-traditional studies:
Distance higher education
Several universities offer distance education.
Lifelong higher education
Many higher education institutions have special departments that are responsible for running professional updating courses.

NATIONAL BODIES
Administration & co-ordination:
Responsible authorities:
Ministry of Education and Science
Head: Shamsha Berkimbayeva, Minister
Administrative officer: Zhumazhan Zhukenov, Minister's Assistant
International relations: Adil Mukhambet, Head of International Cooperation Division
Respubliki Square 60 (Kazakh Oil Building)
473000 Astana
Kazakhstan
Tel: +7(3172) 333-325  +7(3172) 214-230
Fax: +7(3172) 333-412  +7(3172) 333-178
EMail: monrk@mail.ru; sarin2002@mail.ru

Role of governing body: The main aim of the Ministry of Education and Science is the realization of state policy in the field of education and science, general scientific and methodical guidance over all educational and scientific institutions.

ADMISSIONS TO HIGHER EDUCATION
Admission to university-level studies
Name of secondary school credential required: Atestat o Srednem Obrazovanii
Name of secondary school credential required: Diplom o Srednem Spetsialnom Obrazovanii
Entrance exams required: Most universities require a specific competitive entrance examination
Multilateral agreements concerning recognition of foreign studies
Name of agreement: Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees in Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific
Year of signature: 1983
Name of agreement: Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees in Higher Education in Europe
Year of signature: 1979

STUDENT LIFE
Student expenses and financial aid
Student costs:
Home students tuition fees: Minimum: 0 (Tenge)
Maximum: 90000 (Tenge)
Foreign students tuition fees: Minimum: 2000 (US Dollar)

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION & EXCHANGES
Principal national bodies responsible for dealing with international cooperation and exchanges in higher education:
Ministry of Education and Science
Head: Adil Mukhambet, Head of International Cooperation Division
473000 Astana
Kazakhstan
Tel: +7(3172) 333-325  +7(3172) 214-230
Fax: +7(3172) 333-412  +7(3172) 333-178
EMail: monrk@mail.ru; sarin2002@mail.ru

GRADING SYSTEM
Usual grading system in secondary school
Full Description: 1 - 5 scale. 5: excellent; 4: good; 3: satisfactory; 2: unsatisfactory; 1 totally unsatisfactory
Highest on scale: 5
Pass/fail level: 3/2
Lowest on scale: 1
Main grading system used by higher education institutions
Full Description: Marking is on a 1 - 5 scale. 5: excellent; 4: good; 3: satisfactory; 2: unsatisfactory; 1 totally unsatisfactory
Highest on scale: 5
Pass/fail level: 3/2
Lowest on scale: 1
Other main grading systems
In 1999-2000, most higher education establishments adopted the rating system (%). Highest rating: 100%-90%; Pass/fail level: 90%-60%; 60%-40%.

NOTES ON HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

Data for academic year: 2001-2002
Source: Soros Educational Advising Centre, Almaty, 2001



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