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Home / Library / Legal matters / Federal legislation / Laws of the Russian Federation, Federal laws / Federal Law No. 114-Fz Of August 15, 1996 /

Federal Law No. 114-Fz Of August 15, 1996




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Everyone shall be free to leave the Russian Federation. A citizen of the Russian Federation shall have the right to return freely to the Russian Federation.

Chapter I. General Provisions

Article 1. Exits from and entries into the Russian Federation (including transit through its territory) shall be subject to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other federal laws and also the decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation adopted pursuant to these federal laws.

In the event an international treaty of the Russian Federation lays down rules other than those stipulated by this Federal Law, then the rules of the international treaty shall control.

Article 2. A citizen of the Russian Federation shall not be restricted as to his right to exit from the Russian Federation in any way other than in the reasons and according to the procedure specified under this Federal Law.

A citizen of the Russian Federation shall not be deprived of the right to enter into the Russian Federation.

An exit by a citizen of the Russian Federation from the Russian Federation shall entail neither for him nor his spouse nor his close relatives any restrictions whatsoever on the rights guaranteed by the laws of the Russian Federation as well as international commitments of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. The procedure of moving across the State border of the Russian Federation upon an exit from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation shall be regulated by the Law of the Russian Federation On the State Border of the Russian Federation, as well as by this Federal Law.

Article 4. Citizens of the Russian Federation staying outside the bounds of the Russian Federation shall enjoy the protection and patronage of the Russian Federation.

The diplomatic missions and consular offices of the Russian Federation shall be obliged to undertake measures for the protection of citizens of the Russian Federation, and to offer them patronage as determined by the laws of the Russian Federation and the international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Article 5. In the event there arises in the territory of a foreign state an emergency situation, the Russian Federation guarantees to take diplomatic, economic, and other measures as may be envisaged by international law to ensure the security of citizens of the Russian Federation staying in the territory of said foreign state.

In the event there arise in the territory of a foreign state such circumstances as may not permit taking measures protect citizens of the Russian Federation and to provide them with the patronage of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation shall take care to bring to the notice of citizens of the Russian Federation its recommendations against entering into said state. Said recommendations shall not, however, serve as a reason for temporarily restricting the right to exit from the Russian Federation.

Article 6. Exits from and entries into the Russian Federation shall be effected by citizens of the Russian Federation on the basis of valid documents that serve to identify the citizen of the Russian Federation beyond its borders. The procedure for making out, issuing, and withdrawing said documents shall be such as is determined by this Federal Law.

At the entry in the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation foreign citizens and persons without citizenship shall present their valid personal identification documents that are recognized by the Russian Federation as such, and a visa, except as otherwise provided by an international treaty of the Russian Federation.

Stateless persons shall enter the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation in compliance with the rules established by the present Federal Law for foreign citizens, except as otherwise envisaged by the present Federal Law, other federal laws or an international treaty of the Russian Federation.

Control over the presence of visas and other permissions for the entry of persons into a foreign state shall be the responsibility of a transport company ( carrier of passengers) unless otherwise stipulated by an international treaty of the Russian Federation.

For the purposes of the present Federal Law the following shall not be deemed an exit from the Russian Federation or entry in the Russian Federation:
        the crossing of the State Border of the Russian Federation by a citizen of the Russian Federation, foreign citizen or stateless person during the effective term of his/her visa when he/she travels from one part of the territory of the Russian Federation to another part of the territory thereof via the territory of a foreign state in transit regime or when he/she travels aboard Russian vessels via an exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation or high seas without calling at foreign ports;
        the crossing of the State Border of the Russian Federation by a citizen of the Russian Federation, foreign citizen or stateless person who is a member of the crew and is included in the crew list of the vessel, aboard Russian fishing vessels having a permit for multiple crossing of the State Border of the Russian Federation issued in the established procedure.

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