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Home / Library / Legal matters / Federal legislation / Laws of the Russian Federation, Federal laws / Federal Law No. 114-Fz Of August 15, 1996 /

Federal Law No. 114-Fz Of August 15, 1996




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Chapter III. Procedure fof Exit by a Citizen of the Russian Federation from the Russian Federation


Article 15. The right of a citizen of the Russian Federation to exit from the Russian Federation may be temporarily restricted in the following cases, viz.:

1) when he has, in receiving access to data of special significance or to strictly confidential data classified as state secrets in compliance with the Law of the Russian Federation on State Secrets, signed an employment agreement (contract) providing for the temporary restriction of his rights to exit from the Russian Federation, provided the term of restriction does not exceed five years, counting from the last familiarization of a person with data of special significance or strictly confidential data, until the expiration of the term of restriction fixed under the employment agreement (contract), or as a stipulated hereunder.

In the event the Interdepartmental Commission on the Protection of State Secrets comes to a conclusion that the data of special significance or strictly confidential data that may be known to a citizen on the date of his submitting an application for the exit from the Russian Federation still retains a certain degree of secrecy, then the term of restriction of the right of exit from the Russian Federation fixed in the employment agreement (contract) may be extended by the Interdepartmental Commission, which Commission is to be set up in the order established for setting up interdepartmental coordination and advisory bodies formed by the federal executive bodies. In that case, the term of restriction of the right to exit shall not exceed in its totality ten years, including the term of restriction fixed in the employment agreement (contract), as from the date of the last familiarization of the person with the data of special significance or strictly confidential data;

2) when he is called up for military service in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation into, or sent to take some alternative civil service - until the termination of the military service or such alternative civil service;

3) when he is detained on suspicion of committing a crime or being prosecuted as a defendant - until a judgement in the case has been given, or a court verdict has taken effect;

4) if he has been convicted for committing a crime - until the completion of the term of punishment (or until the enforcement of punishment), or until relief from punishment;

5) when he evades performing the duties imposed on him by a court of law - until the duties have been performed or the parties have reached an agreement;

6) when and if he gave deliberately false information about himself when applying for documents for exit from the Russian Federation - until the settlement of the question, which is to be made within one month at the most, by the body in charge of issuing said documents.


Article 16. In all the cases of temporary restrictions on the right to exit from the Russian Federation, specified under Article 15 hereof, the federal executive body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration or a territorial agency thereof shall issue to a citizen of the Russian Federation a notification indicating the reasons for and the term of the restriction, as well as a date and registration number of the decision as to the restriction, and the full name and legal address of the organization that has assumed responsibility for restricting the right of the given citizen to exit from the Russian Federation.


Article 17. Decisions as to the restriction of the right to exit from the Russian Federation of citizens having knowledge of data of special significance or strictly confidential data classified as state secrets, as well as of citizens that have been admitted to such data prior to this Federal Law taking effect may be appealed against by the citizens before the Interdepartmental Commission to be set up in the order established for setting up interdepartmental coordination and advisory organs formed by federal executive bodies, which Commission shall be obliged to look into the complaint and give its reply no later than in three months' time. The refusal to a citizen of the Russian Federation of the right to exit from the Russian Federation may be further protested against in a court of law.


Article 18. In case the exit from the Russian Federation of a citizen of the Russian Federation is restricted for reasons specified under Subitems (1 and 2) of Article 15 hereof, his passport shall be transferred for safe-keeping until the expiration of the term of the temporary restriction, to the state body that issued the passport.


In case the exit from the Russian Federation of a citizen of the Russian Federation is restricted for reasons specified under Subitems ( 3 through 5) of Article 15 hereof, his passport shall be withdrawn by the bodies authorized to do so, and delivered to the state body that issued the passport.


The withdrawal of a passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation for reasons specified hereunder shall be effected either by a court of law, bodies of the procurator's office, internal security organs, the federal executive body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration and by territorial agencies thereof, the border guard agencies of the Federal Security Service, customs bodies, or diplomatic missions and consular offices of the Russian Federation.


Article 19. Servicemen of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation as well as of the federal bodies of executive power where they conduct their military service, except for persons who are undergoing military service by conscription, may exit from the Russian Federation provided they have the permission of their commanding officers, obtained according to the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.


Article 20. An under-age citizen of the Russian Federation shall as a rule exit from the Russian Federation together with at least one of his parents, adopted parents, trustees, or guardians. In the event an under-age citizen of the Russian Federation exits from the Russian Federation without these accompanying persons, he shall have with him besides a passport also the consent of said persons, duly notarized, to the exit of a minor citizen of the Russian Federation including the indication of the term of exit and the state (s) he/she is going to visit.


Article 21. If one of the parents, step-parents, tutors or guardians declares his/her opposition to the exit of the minor citizen of the Russian Federation out of the Russian Federation the issue of the possibility of the citizen's exit from the Russian Federation shall be resolved in court.


The procedure for filing an application stating opposition to exit from the Russian Federation of a minor citizen of the Russian Federation shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.


Article 22. The responsibility for the life and health of under-age citizens of the Russian Federation who exit from the Russian Federation, and the protection of their rights and lawful interests outside the bounds of the Russian Federation shall be entrusted to their parents, adopted parents, trustees, and guardians.


Whenever there is an organized exit of groups of under-age citizens of the Russian Federation without accompanying parents, adopted parents, trustees, or guardians, the responsibility of the lawful representatives of the under-age children shall be assumed by the heads of the exiting groups.


Article 23. A citizen of the Russian Federation, recognized by a court of law as incompetent at the application of the parents, adopted parents, trustees, or guardians may exit from the Russian Federation only if accompanied by an adult capable of ensuring the security of the incompetent citizen of the Russian Federation, as well as the security of people around him.

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