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Home / Library / Legal matters / Federal legislation / Laws of the Russian Federation, Federal laws / Federal Law No. 114-Fz Of August 15, 1996 /

Federal Law No. 114-Fz Of August 15, 1996




Pages: << 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >>

Chapter IV. Procedure for Making out and Issuing Documents for the Entry into the Russian Federation and Exit from the Russian Federation of Foreign Citizens and Persons without Citizenship

Article 24. Foreign citizens may enter and exit from the Russian Federation provided they have a visa issued on the basis of valid documents of identification that are recognized as such by the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Persons without citizenship may enter and exit from the Russian Federation provided they have a visa issued on the basis of valid documents issued by the corresponding bodies of the state of their residence, that serve as their identification papers and that are recognized as such by the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Foreign citizens who have obtained a permit for residence in the Russian Federation shall enter the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation under effective documents whereby their person is identified which are recognised by the Russian Federation as personal identity documents and under a residence permit.

Stateless persons who have obtained a permit for residence in the Russian Federation shall enter the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation under the residence permit.

Foreign citizens and persons without citizenship may be refused entry into and exit from the Russian Federation for the reasons specified hereunder.

Foreign citizens and stateless persons deemed refugees in the territory of the Russian Federation under the procedure established by federal law may exit from the Russian Federation and enter the Russian Federation under a refugee's travel document.

Foreign citizens and the stateless persons in respect of whom a decision of administrative expulsion from the Russian Federation or of deportation is adopted shall exit from the Russian Federation under this decision.

Article 25. Below are the grounds for the issuance of a visa to a foreign citizen:
1) an invitation to enter the Russian Federation drawn up in compliance with federal law in the manner established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

See Regulations on the Making Out an Invitation to the Russian Federation for Foreign Citizens and Persons without Citizenship approved by Decision of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1142 of October 1, 1998

The invitation for entry in the Russian Federation shall be issued by the federal executive governmental body in charge of foreign affairs on a petition of:
        a) federal governmental bodies;
        b) the diplomatic missions and consular institutions of foreign states in the Russian Federation;
        c) international organisations and their representative offices in the Russian Federation and also the representative offices of foreign states with the international organisations located in the Russian Federation;
        d) the governmental bodies of Russian regions.

The invitation for entry into the Russian Federation shall be issued by the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration in the cases established by federal law.

The invitation for entry into the Russian Federation shall be issued by a territorial body of the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration on a petition of:
        a) local government bodies;
        b) the legal persons placed on record on a notification basis with the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration or a territorial body thereof;
        c) citizens of the Russian Federation and foreign citizens permanently residing in the Russian Federation;

2) a decision adopted by the federal executive governmental body in charge of foreign affairs, a diplomatic mission or a consular institution of the Russian Federation or a representative office of the federal executive governmental body in charge of foreign affairs located within a border area, in particular, at a check-point at the State Border of the Russian Federation on a petition filed by the foreign citizen outside the Russian Federation in connection a need to enter in the Russian Federation for emergency medical treatment or due to a grave illness or the death of a close relative;

3) a decision of the federal executive governmental body in charge of foreign affairs to issue a visa to the foreign citizen forwarded to a diplomatic mission or a consular institution of the Russian Federation;

4) a decision by the head of a diplomatic mission or a consular institution of the Russian Federation to issue a visa to the foreign citizen taken in exceptional cases on the foreign citizen's application in writing;

5) a decision of a territorial body of the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration to issue a permit for temporary residence in the Russian Federation to the foreign citizen;

6) a contract for the provision of tourist services and a confirmation of reception of the foreign tourist by an organisation pursuing tourist activity;

7) a decision of the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration or a territorial body thereof to recognise the foreign citizen or stateless person as a refugee taken on an application filed by the foreign citizen or stateless person with a diplomatic mission or a consular institution of the Russian Federation.

Article 25.1. Depending on the purpose of entry of a foreign citizen in the Russian Federation and the purpose of his/her stay in the Russian Federation a visa shall be issued to the foreign citizen which may be diplomatic, service, ordinary, transit or a visa of a person with temporary residence.

A "visa" is a permit issued by an authorised state body for entry into the Russian Federation and transit travel via the territory of the Russian Federation under an effective personal identity document of the foreign citizen or the stateless person that is recognised as a personal identity document by the Russian Federation.

The visa shall contain the following details: the family name, forename (written in Russian and Latin letters), date of birth, sex, citizenship (allegiance), the number of the basic personal identity document of the foreign citizen or stateless person, the date of issue of the visa, the permitted duration of stay in the Russian Federation, the number of the invitation to enter the Russian Federation or the permit of the state body, the effective term of the visa, the purpose of the trip, the details of the inviting organisation (the inviting natural person), the number of entries the visa may be used for.

The visa shall be issued by a diplomatic mission, consular institution of the Russian Federation, the federal executive governmental body in charge of foreign affairs, its representative office in the territory of the Russian Federation, in particular, at a check-point on the State Border of the Russian Federation and also by the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration or a territorial body thereof.

The format of the visa, the procedure and terms for drawing up and issuing the visa, extending the effective term of the visa, restoring the visa if it is lost and the visa annulment procedure shall be established in compliance with the present Federal Law by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 25.2. The visa may be single, double and multiple entry. A single-entry visa confers the right on a foreign citizen to cross the State Border of the Russian Federation once at the entry into the Russian Federation and once at the exit of the Russian Federation.

A double-entry visa confers a right on a foreign citizen to twice enter the Russian Federation.

A multiple-entry visa confers a right on a foreign citizen to enter the Russian Federation several times (more than once).

Article 25.3. The effective term of a visa may be extended during the foreign citizen's stay in the Russian Federation by:
1) the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration or a territorial body thereof on an application in writing filed by the foreign citizen or on a petition in writing filed by a governmental body, local government body or a legal person;

2) the federal executive governmental body in charge of foreign affairs on an application in writing filed by a foreign relations (foreign affairs) body of a foreign state, a diplomatic mission or a consular institution of a foreign state in the Russian Federation or a representative office of an international organisation in the Russian Federation (a verbal note);

3) a representative office of a federal executive governmental body in charge of foreign affairs located within a border area, in particular, at a check-point at the State Border of the Russian Federation, on an application in writing filed by the foreign citizen or on a petition in writing filed by a governmental body, local government body or a legal person or on an application in writing filed by a diplomatic mission or a consular institution of a foreign state in the Russian Federation or a representative office of an international organisation in the Russian Federation (a verbal note);

4) border control bodies under a federal law.

Article 25.4. A diplomatic visa shall be issued to a foreign citizen holding a diplomatic passport.

Ahe diplomatic visa shall be issued to:
1) heads of foreign states, heads of the governments of foreign states, members of foreign official delegations, the members of the families of the said persons who travel with them and the persons who accompany them for a term of up to three months;

2) the diplomatic agents of diplomatic missions and the consular officials of consular institutions, the employees of the representative offices of international organisations in the Russian Federation whose diplomatic status is recognised by the Russian Federation, members of the families of said persons, for a term of up to three months;

3) foreign diplomatic and consular couriers for the term of their business trip.

If in respect of a foreign citizen who is not a holder of a diplomatic passport the Russian Federation recognises their diplomatic status a diplomatic visa may be issued to the said citizen.

If in respect of a foreign citizen who is a holder of a diplomatic passport the Russian Federation does not recognise their diplomatic status an ordinary visa shall be issued to the said citizen.

Article 25.5. A service visa shall be issued to a foreign citizen who is a holder of a service passport. A service visa shall be issued to:
1) the members of official foreign delegations, members of the families of said persons who travel together with them and to the persons accompanying them, for a term of up to three months;

2) the administrative-technical and service personnel of diplomatic missions, consular employees and the service personnel employees of consular institutions of foreign states in the Russian Federation, the representative offices of international organisations in the Russian Federation and members of the families of said persons, for a term of up to three months;

3) military servicemen of the armed forces of foreign states and members of the families of the said persons, for a term of up to one year.

If in respect of a foreign citizen who is not a holder of a service passport the Russian Federation recognises their official status a service visa may be issued to the said citizen.

If in respect of a foreign citizen who is a holder of a service passport the Russian Federation does not recognise their official status an ordinary visa may be issued to the said citizen.

Article 25.6. Depending on the purpose of entry of a foreign citizen into the Russian Federation and the purpose of his/her stay in the Russian Federation ordinary visas are classified under the following categories: private, business, tourist, student, working, humanitarian and visas for entry into the Russian Federation for the purpose of asylum.

The private ordinary visa shall be issued for a term of up to three months to a foreign citizen entering the Russian Federation for a guest visit under an invitation for entry in the Russian Federation drawn up on a petition of a citizen of the Russian Federation or a foreign citizen who has obtained a permit for residence in the Russian Federation or a legal person.

An ordinary business visa shall be issued for a term of up to one year to a foreign citizen who enters the Russian Federation for the purpose of a business trip.

An ordinary tourist visa shall be issued for a term of up to one month to a foreign citizen entering the Russian Federation as a tourist if s/he has an appropriately executed contract for the provision of tourist services and a confirmation of reception from an organisation pursuing tourist activity.

An ordinary tourist group visa shall be issued for a term of up to one month to a foreign citizen who enters the Russian Federation as a tourist as part of an organised tourist group (of at least five persons) if there is an appropriately executed contract for the provision of tourist services and a confirmation of reception from an organisation pursuing tourist activity.

An ordinary student visa shall be issued for a term of up to one year to a foreign citizen who enters the Russian Federation for the purpose of education at an educational institution.

An working ordinary visa shall be issued to a foreign citizen who enters the Russian Federation for the purpose of pursuing work activity, for the duration of the effective term of the labour contract but not exceeding one year.

An ordinary humanitarian visa shall be issued for a term of up to one year to a foreign citizen who enters the Russian Federation for the purpose of pursuing scientific or cultural or public political or sport or religious relations and contacts or pilgrimage or charitable activity or the delivery of humanitarian aid.

An ordinary visa for entry into the Russian Federation for the purpose of asylum shall be issued to a foreign citizen for a term of up to three months if there is a permit of the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration to deem this foreign citizen a refugee in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Article 25.7. A transit visa shall be issued for a term of up to ten days to a foreign citizen for the purpose of transit travel via the territory of the Russian Federation under the present Federal Law.

Article 25.8. The visa of a person with temporary residence shall be issued for a four-month term to a foreign citizen to whom entry into the Russian Federation is permitted for temporary residence within the quota for temporary residence permits, this quota being set in compliance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, or with no regard to the quota. If a foreign citizen fails to enter the Russian Federation within the term set but if the grounds for his/her obtaining such a visa still exist a new visa of a person with temporary residence may be issued to the foreign citizen on his/her application in writing with the effective term of two months after the date of issue thereof.

If no permit for temporary residence of a foreign citizen in the Russian Federation has been obtained due to reasons beyond the control of the foreign citizen the effective term of the visa of a person with temporary residence shall be extended at his/her application.

When a foreign citizen obtains a permit for temporary residence in the Russian Federation a territorial body of the federal body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration shall extend the effective term of the visa of a person with temporary residence for the duration of the effective term of said permit.

Article 25.9. When a foreign citizen or a stateless person enters the Russian Federation s/he shall receive and fill in a migration card. The migration card shall be surrendered (returned) at the checkpoint at the State Border of the Russian Federation when the foreign citizen or the stateless person exits from the Russian Federation.

The format of the migration card, the procedure for using the card and the procedure for financing the measures for supplying migration card forms shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 25.10. A foreign citizen or a stateless person who enters in the territory of the Russian Federation in breach of the established rules or who lacks documents to confirm his/her right to stay (reside) in the Russian Federation or who has lost such documents and has not filed an application concerning this fact with a territorial body of the federal executive body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration or who declines to leave the Russian Federation upon the expiry of the term of stay (residence) in the Russian Federation, and equally, who violated the rules of transit travel via the territory of the Russian Federation shall be deemed a person illegally staying in the territory of the Russian Federation and shall be liable under Russian law.

Natural and legal persons who assist a foreign citizen's or stateless person's illegal entry into the Russian Federation, illegal departure from the Russian Federation, illegal transit travel via the territory of the Russian Federation and illegal stay (residence) in the Russian Federation, and also the transport or other organisations performing international carriage that have delivered into the Russian Federation a foreign citizen or a stateless person who holds inappropriately drawn up documents or who lack established documents to entitle them to enter in the Russian Federation shall be held liable under Russian law.

In respect of a foreign citizen or a stateless person who illegally stays in the territory of the Russian Federation or a person who has not been permitted to enter the Russian Federation and also cases when the stay (residence) of a foreign citizen or stateless person who stays in the Russian Federation on a legal ground creates a real threat to the defensive capability or to the security of the state or public order or the health of the general public a decision may be made for the purpose of protecting the fundamentals of the constitutional system, morals, the rights and legal interests of other persons to declare that this foreign citizen's or stateless person's stay (residence) in the Russian Federation is undesirable. The procedure for adopting a decision on the undesirability of a foreign citizen's or stateless person's stay (residence) in the Russian Federation and a list of the federal executive persons authorised to make such decisions shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

A foreign citizen or stateless person in respect of whom a decision has been made to declare his/her stay (residence) in the Russian Federation undesirable must leave the Russian Federation in the manner established by federal law.

A foreign citizen or stateless person who fails to leave the territory of the Russian Federation within the set term shall be subject to deportation.

The deportation of a foreign citizen or stateless person in respect of whom a decision has been adopted declaring his/her stay (residence) in the Russian Federation undesirable shall be effected by the federal executive governmental body authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration or a territorial body thereof in cooperation with the federal executive body in charge of internal affairs and territorial agencies thereof, as well as with other federal executive bodies and territorial agencies thereof within the scope of their authority.

A decision whereby a foreign citizen's or stateless person's stay (residence) in the Russian Federations is declared undesirable shall be deemed a ground for a later refusal to grant a right of entry into the Russian Federation.

Article 25.11. Foreign citizens staying as passengers on board cruising vessels which have permits for passenger carriage and arrive in the Russian Federation via the sea and river ports open for international passenger traffic may stay in the territory of the Russian Federation for 72 hours without visas in compliance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.



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