Beneficiary students decrease in Russia
The second wave of admission to universities is ending in Russia. School graduates could send applications to five universities at once for less than four directions of studying. This year there are more young people who decided to go to medical universities. "We have 1000 more applications than last year. We will analyze: the reason might be better employment, the work we have been doing during the year, as we conducted three welcoming days for special fields, faculties, departments, and it attracted applicants to us," Kazbek Dzugayev, deputy principal on education work and public relations of Moscow State Medical Dental University. "We have ended the second wave, we will have no additional admission. At the moment we are working on people who will study on the contract basis."
It appeared that number of applicants who forge certificates on disability is still great. "We have many various benefits, but three are basic. First of all, disabled children or if they are 18, disabled people of group I and II; children without parents or one parent who is a disabled person; and thirdly, the still existing category of Chernobyl children," Grogory Kantorovich, deputy principle of Higher School of Economics, says. "Beneficiaries can use their right only in one application. Beneficiaries cannot apply in five universities for three directions. Regarding our university, we have four platforms - Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Perm, but I would like to speak about Moscow with fresh data. We have 1709 state-funded places for the first year in Moscow. In fact we have admitted 1921 people today in the second wave. Only 82 people among them are beneficiaries. It is not a serious problem for 1900 places."
"The suggestion of launching the united base for beneficiaries seems interesting for us," Denis Palilov, the executive secretary of the admission committee in Financial University under the Government of RF. "The Federal Information System exists. We send requests on the USE to it. If the federal base on benefit categories of citizens existed, I think it would make work of admission committees easier. The problem is who will control it, who will be responsible for its filling, and how it can affect negatively beneficiaries.
As for the targeted admission, it is rather small in our university: only 50 people out of 660. It is much less than 15%. We have no intention to increase it in future years. I believe that contracts with targeted applicants should also present the third side. I mean if targeted contracts contained agreement with an applicant on returning to his or her region after graduation, it would be interesting for the whole country. Because there should be no social lifts or even "suction fans" from regions to Moscow. Usually young people stay in the capital and do not return to regions where their new knowledge is necessary."
Boris Padalkin, the deputy principal on education work of Bauman Moscow State Technical University: "In Moscow we admitted 2600 students. More than 9000 applicants participated in the contest. Regarding sent applications (as young people have many opportunities), there were about 25000. Our one subdivision in Kaluga had 400 places, and all of them were filled. In general we are glad with the results. In Moscow the contest included 42 special fields for Bachelors. The passing grade is within 205-220. As the first and the second waves passed, in some departments people with 190 or 180 grades were admitted because of opportunity to choose: people with higher grades failed to cope with their emotions and the only person with 180 grades receives a place. Of course we welcome the person according to principles of admission to university.
Traditionally the most popular special fields are connected with IT; robotic engineering, space fields, and radio-electronics are popular as well. Regarding fields which are not very popular today, it is difficult to define them because significant attention is paid for engineering education in recent years. Young people are less interested in ecology or machine engineering than it was 10 years ago. One more reason for that is that some fields require traditional studying during 5 years 8 months, while others shifted to the standards of the third generation and prepare Bachelors. Of course applicants and their parents feel it, and the situation influences popularity of fields.
As for reforms of the year, first of all it concerns fewer opportunities for maneuvers for beneficiaries. We feel it: this year only 60 people stated about benefits which enable them to be admitted without exams. We welcomed them as it is their legal right. Regarding the sharpest problems which the admission committee faces, for us, as well as for other major universities, it is a number of places in dormitories. Today the Education Ministry plans to help us, they intend to build dormitories. We hope that in the future it would be easier to find residential areas for students because today the residential problem is huge, and it is an obstacle for many people to study at university."