Chelyabinsk is the largest industrial, cultural and scientific center of the Southern Ural. The city is located on the east slope of the Ural mountains, on the river Miass (the inflow of the Iset); in the west and north pinewoods border it.
Chelyabinsk, as well as the whole of Chelyabinsk region, is in the time zone designated by the international standard as Yekaterinburg Time Zone(YEKT/YEKTST). Displacement concerning UTC makes +5:00 (YEKT, winter time) and +6:00 (YEKTST, summertime) as in this time zone transfer to summertime is in force. Concerning Moscow time the time zone has constant displacement +2 hours and is designated in Russia correspondingly as MSK+2.
Chelyabinsk arose as a military fortress on September 13th (2), 1736 during Russian colonization of the Southern Ural Mountains. It got the status of a town in 1781. Since 1934 it has been the center of Chelyabinsk region. Now it is one of the main industrial centers of Russia. Its production is well known in all regions and republics of the former Soviet Union, it is delivered to many countries of the world.
The city is a large transport junction. It is situated on the trunk-railway Moscow-Samara-Irkutsk-Vladivostok. Highways connect the city with Kazakhstan, Central Ural and Bashkiria.
The airport, which has the status of international since 1994, is used for air transportation.
Intracity public transport is developed in Chelyabinsk as well (there are bus, tram, trolley bus routs). Since 1992 Chelyabinsk underground is built; the start-up of its first stage is expected to be accomplished in 2012.