Ryazan is the administrative center of Ryazan region, one of the oldest Russian cities (in 2000 it celebrated its 905 anniversary).
Ryazan is situated on the right bank of the river Oka. The area of the city is175,6 sq.km. The climate is moderate continental. The medium temperature of January is -11C, of July +19C.
Ryazan is a large scientific and cultural center. Architectural and historical monuments preserved in the territory of the city and the region, have important historical value. The Ryazan Kremlin including seventeen monuments of history and architecture is the most significant construction of the regional center. In 1968 it was declared historical and architectural reserve museum.
The poet Sergey Yesenin, the first Russian Nobel Prize winner Ivan Pavlov, the researcher and founder of theories of modern cosmonautics Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, the Russian biologist and selector Ivan Michurin, Russian writers M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin and Konstantin Paustovsky glorified Ryazan.