Ufa is a city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
The population of the city (2007) is 1 023 000 people in borders of the city. Ufa is one of the twelve largest cities of Russia with population more than one million people.
The city is situated on the banks of the river Belaya (White), at the confluence of the rivers Ufa and Dyoma in it, on Pribelskaya ridged wavy plain, at a distance of 100 km to the West from ridges of the Bashkir (Southern) Ural Mountains.
The climate is continental, rather wet; summers are warm; winters are moderately cold and long.
Ufa is in the time zone designated by the international standard as Yekaterinburg Time Zone (YEKT/YEKTST). Displacient concerning UTC makes +5:00 (YEKT, winter time) and +6:00 (YEKTST, summertime)as in this time zone transfer to summertime is in force. Concerning Moscow time the time zone has constant displacient +2 hours and is designated in Russia correspondingly as MSK+2.
Ufa is a large inter-regional transport junction of Russia; there are railways, automobile highways, air and river ways there.
The navigable river Belaya and its inflow the Ufa intersect there with the Transsiberian railway.
Highways connect the city with Moscow, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Samara and Orenburg.
Since 1938 regular airlines work in the city of Ufa. Regular internal flights to 27 cities of Russia and regular international flights to the cities of Antalya, Barcelona, Dalaman, Istanbul, Tashkent, Frankfurt am Main, and Khojend are accomplished at the international airport "Ufa".
The railways, passing through Ufa, provide the communication of the western and central areas of Russia with Ural Mountains and Siberia.
Ufa Teachers' Institute organized in 1909 was the first educational institution in Ufa, which trained under the program of university level higher education. In 1920 it was reorganized into the Institute of National Education; then it became Pedagogical Institute. In 1957 the establishment got the name of Bashkir State University.
Now in Ufa and in the Republic of Bashkortostan 11 independent state institutions of university level higher education train specialists on 169 directions and specialities. The general number of students of higher educational institutions is more than 50 thousand people. 76 educational institutions of non-university level higher education train students on 109 directions. 11 postgraduate studies of higher educational institutions prepare scientific and pedagogical staff.