Russia Factfile /
President of the Russian Federation /
Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin
Boris Nikolaevich YELTSINPresident of Russia in 1991 - 1999
Mr Yeltsin was born on February 1, 1931, in Sverdlovsk Region.
After graduating from the Urals Polytechnic Institute in 1955, Mr Yeltsin worked for 30 years in the Sverdlovsk Region, eventually becoming first secretary of the Sverdlovsk Regional Committee of the Soviet Communist Party.
Mr Yeltsin was then transferred to Moscow, where he headed the Soviet Communist Party Central Committee's construction department. He became secretary of the Central Committee, and then first secretary of the Moscow City Communist Party Committee.
In 1987, Mr Yeltsin was dismissed from his posts and returned to the political scene only in March 1989, when he won more than 80 percent of the vote in the country's first democratic elections and was elected a Soviet people's deputy. In 1990, he was elected chairman of the Russian Supreme Council and that same year declared that he was leaving the Communist Party.
On 12 June, 1991, Mr Yeltsin was elected first president of the Russian Federation in a national election, winning more than 50 percent of the vote in the first round.
Mr Yeltsin was re-elected president on July 3, 1996, winning almost 54 percent of the vote in the second round.
On December 31, 1999, Mr Yeltsin signed a decree announcing that he was stepping down from his post as president.
Boris Yeltsin died on April 23, 2007 of a heart attack.
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